Vietnam to cut annual rice exports by 44per cent to 4 million tonnes by 2030
HANOI :Vietnam aims to cut its rice exports to 4 million tonnes a year by 2030, the government said in a document detailing its rice export strategy, down from 7.1 million tonnes last year.
Vietnam is the world's third-largest rice exporter, after India and Thailand.
The move is aimed at "boosting the exports of high-quality rice, ensuring domestic food security, protecting the environment and adapting to climate change," according to the government document, dated May 26 and reviewed by Reuters.
Rice export revenue will fall to US$2.62 billion a year by 2030, down from US$3.45 billion in 2022, the document said.
"Although Vietnam's rice farming area is shrinking due to climate change and some farmers are switching to growing other crops and raising shrimp, the strategy appears to be too aggressive," a rice trader based in Ho Chi Minh City said on Saturday.
The trader said some rice farmers in the Mekong Delta are turning parts of their fields to fruit farms, growing mangoes, grapefruit, jackfruit and durian, but the vast majority remain dependant on rice.
The trend toward cultivating shrimp has been taking place in the area for years as rising seawater triggered by climate change brings significantly increased salinisation in the Mekong Delta region.
Vietnam will diversify its rice export markets to reduce its reliance on any country, the government document said. The Philippines has long been Vietnam's biggest rice buyer, accounting for 45per cent of its shipments last year.
Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh told Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos Jr at a regional meeting in Indonesia this month that Vietnam was willing to supply rice to the Philippines for the long term at reasonable prices.
By 2025, 60per cent of Vietnamese rice exports will be shipped to Asian markets, 22per cent to Africa, 7per cent to American markets, 4per cent to the Middle East and 3per cent to Europe, the document said. By 2030, Asian markets will account for 55per cent and Europe 5per cent.
"Vietnam will seek to boost rice shipments to markets that have high demand for quality grains and markets that Vietnam has signed free trade agreements with," the document said.
The document said Vietnam will also seek to cut residues of plant protection products including pesticides in its rice.
The Vietnam Food Association, which represents rice processors and exporters, did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The government said Vietnam will focus on the production of high-quality, fragrant and glutinous rice, while reducing the production of low-quality grains to 15per cent of total output by 2025 and to 10per cent by 2030.
"I doubt the strategy will materialise, as rice production depends on supply and demand, not on a government decision," another rice trader in the Mekong Delta province of An Giang said.
Rice exports from Vietnam in the first four months of this year rose 40.7per cent from a year earlier to 2.9 million tonnes, according to government customs data.
(Reporting by Khanh Vu; Editing by Tom Hogue, Kim Coghill and Gerry Doyle)